Bibliography – One Hundred Years Of Jim Crow

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Allen, James, John Lewis, Leon F. Litwack, and Hilton Als. Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America. Santa Fe, NM: Twin Palms Publishers, 2000.

Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New York Press, 2010.

Armstrong, William H. Sounder. New York, NY: HarperCollins Children’s Books, 1969.

Barnes, Harper. Never Been a Time: The 1917 Race Riot That Sparked the Civil Rights Movement. New York: Walker Publishing Company, 2008.

Blackmon, Douglas. Slavery By Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II. New York: Anchor Books, 2008.

Branan, Karen. The Family Tree: A Lynching in Georgia, a Legacy of Secrets, and My Search for the Truth. Atria Books, 2016.

Brundage, W. Fitzhugh, ed. Where These Memories Grow: History, Memory, and Southern Identity. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Carr, Cynthia. Our Town: A Heartland Lynching, a Haunted Town, and the Hidden History of White America. New York: Random House, Inc, 2006.

Cha-Jua, Sundiata Keita. America’s First Black Town: Brooklyn, Illinois 1830-1915. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Curtin, Mary Ellen. Black Prisoners and their World: Alabama, 1865-1900. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 2000.

Davis, Angela Y. Are Prisons Obsolete?. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2003.

Dray, Phillip. At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America. New York: The Modern Library, 2002.

Equal Justice Initiative, Report Summary: Lynching in America: Confronting the Legacy of Racial Terror, 2015.EJI Lynching in America SUMMARY

Fedo, Michael. The Lynchings in Duluth. St. Paul, MN: The Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2000.

Foner, Eric. Forever Free: The Story of Emancipation and Reconstruction. New York: Vintage, 2006.

Frost, Linda, ed. Conjoined Twins in Black and White: The Lives of Millie-Christine McKoy & Daisy and Violet Hilton. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 2009.

Gaines, Ernest J. A lesson Before Dying. New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1993.

Gilmore, Glenda Elizabeth. Gender and Jim Crow: Women and the Politics of White Supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

Ginzburg, Ralph. 100 Years of Lynching. Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press, 1996.

Goldsby, Jacqueline. A Spectacular Secret: Lynching in American Life and Literature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Goodman, James. Stories of Scottsboro. New York: First Vintage Books, 1995.

Gregory, James. The Southern Diaspora: How the Great Migrations of Black and White Southerners Transformed America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

Hale, Grace Elizabeth. Making Whiteness: The Culture of Segregation in the South, 1890-1940. New York: Vintage Books, 1999.

Harris, Trudier. Exorcising Blackness: Historical and Literary Lynching and Burning Rituals. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1984.

Hartman, Saidiya V. Scenes of Subjection: Terror, Slavery, and Self-Making in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Hodes, Martha. White Women, Black Men: Illicit Sex in the Nineteenth-Century South. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1999.

Howard, John R. The Shifting Wind: The Supreme Court and Civil Rights from Reconstruction to Brown. New York: SUNY Press, 1999.

Ifill, Sherrilyn A. On the Courthouse Lawn: Confronting the Legacy of Lynching in the Twenty-First Century. Boston: Beacon Press, 2007.

Jaspin, Elliot. Buried in the Bitter Waters: The Hidden History of Racial Cleansing in America. New York, NY: Basic Books, 2007.

Jones, Sabrina, and Marc Mauer. Race to Incarcerate: A Graphic Retelling. New York, NY: New York Press, 2013.

Keith, LeeAnna. Colfax Massacre: The Untold Story of Black Power, White Terror, and the Death of Reconstruction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Lane, Charles. The Day Freedom Died: The Colfax Massacre, the Supreme Court, and the Betrayal of Reconstruction. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2008.

Lichtenstein, Alex. Twice the Work of Free Labor: The Political Economy of Convict Labor in the New South. New York: Verso, 1996.

Litwack, Leon F. Trouble in Mind: Black Southerners In The Age of Jim Crow. New York: Vintage Books, 1998.

Loewen, James W. Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism. New York: The New Press, 2005.

Madison, James. A Lynching in the Heartland: Race and Memory in America. New York: Pelgrave Macmillan, 2001.

Margolick, David. Strange Fruit: The Biography of a Song. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2001.

Markovitz, Jonathan. Legacies of Lynching: Racial Violence and Memory. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Michel, Joel. La Lynchage Aux Etats-Unis. Paris, France: La Table Ronde, 2008.

Muhammad, Khalil Gibran. The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America. United States of America: First Harvard University Press, 2010.

Oshinsky, David. Worse Than Slavery: Parchman Farm and the Ordeal of Jim Crow Justice. New York: Free Press, 1997.

Pfeifer, Michael J. Rough Justice: Lynching and American Society. Chicago: The University of Illinois Press, 2004.

Raper, Arthur F. The Tragedy of Lynching. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 2003.

Rice, Anne P., ed. Witnessing Lynching: American Writers Respond. Rutgers, NJ: University of Rutgers Press, 2003.

Rosen, Hannah. Terror in the Heart of Freedom. Citizenship, Sexual Violence, and the Meaning of Race in the Postemancipation South. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

Royster, Jacqueline Jones, ed. Southern Horrors and Other Writings; The Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892-1900. Columbus, OH: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 1996.

Smith, Shawn Michelle and Dora Apel. Lynching Photographs. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007.

Steelwater, Eliza. The Hangman’s Knot: Lynching, Legal Execution, and America’s Struggle with the Death Penalty. Cambridge, MA: Westview Press, 2003.

Stowers, Irma. The Lilly Hill Story: Where Blacks Were Brutally Beaten and Hung in Mississippi. Bookmanmarketing.com, 2007.

Tolnay, Stewart E. and E. M. Beck. A Festival of Violence: An Analysis of Southern Lynchings, 1882-1930. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1995.

Waldrep, Christopher. African Americans Confront Lynching: Strategies of Resistance from the Civil War to the Civil Rights Era. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2009.

Waldrep, Christopher. Lynching in America. New York: New York University Press, 2006.

Waldrep, Christopher. The Many Faces of Judge Lynch: Extralegal Violence and Punishment in America. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Washington, Harriet A. Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present. New York: The Doubleday Broadway Publishing Group, 2006.

Wells-Barnett, Ida B. The Red Record. Echo Library, 2006.

Wexler, Laura. Fire in a Canebrake: The Last Mass Lynching in America. New York: Scribner, 2003.

White, Walter (Introduction by Kenneth Robert Janken). Rope and Faggot. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 2001.

Wilkerson, Isabel. The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration. New York: Vintage Books, 2010.

Wood, Amy Louise. Lynching and Spectacle: Witnessing Racial Violence in America, 1890-1940. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2009.