Juneteenth National Freedom Day

From the African American Registry

Juneteenth Celebration in Texas

Juneteenth Celebration in Texas

This date marks the Juneteenth National Freedom Day. Celebrated on June 19, Juneteenth is the oldest nationally celebrated commemoration of the ending of slavery in the United States. It is the name given to Emancipation Day (or Freedam Day)_by African-Americans in in Galveston, Texas, in 1865, when Union Major General Gordon Granger arrived in town and read General Order #3 to the people of Galveston. It stated, “The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.”

the observance of June nineteenth as the African American Emancipation Day has spread across the United States and beyond and in many states is an official holiday. Large celebrations began in 1866 and continue to the present. African-Americans treat this day like the Fourth of July. In the early days, the celebration included a prayer service, speakers with inspirational messages, reading of the Emancipation Proclamation, stories from former slaves, food, red soda water, games, and rodeo dances. The tradition spread as African-American Texans migrated. Celebration of Juneteenth declined during World War II but revived in 1950, and fell away again during the 1960s as attention focused on expansion of freedom for African-Americans.

In 1976, after a 25-year hiatus, House Bill Number 1016, passed in the 66th legislature, declared June 19 “Emancipation Day in Texas,” a legal state holiday effective January 1, 1980 and the celebration of Juneteenth continues.


Today in Black History

Slave Tag

Slave Tag

On this date in 1862, the nations capitol ended slavery. President Lincoln signed an act abolishing slavery in the District of Columbia, an important step in the long road toward full emancipation and enfranchisement for African Americans.

Before 1850, slave pens, slave jails, and auction blocks were a common site in the District of Columbia, a center for domestic slave trade. This included compensation to slave owners for their lost “property” in a total amount of $993,407 dollars.


Some Exhibits to Come – One Hundred Years of Jim Crow