Uncle Tom’s Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. was the best-selling novel of the 19th century and the second best-selling book of that century, following the Bible.

It is credited with helping fuel the abolitionist cause in the 1850s. The book and the plays it inspired helped popularize a number of stereotypes about black people. These include the affectionate, dark-skinned “mammy”; the “pickaninny” stereotype of black children; and the “Uncle Tom”, or dutiful, long-suffering servant faithful to his white master or mistress. In recent years, the negative associations with Uncle Tom’s Cabinhave, to an extent, overshadowed the historical impact of the book as a “vital antislavery tool.”

Engraving in "UncleTom's Cabin"

Engraving in "Uncle Tom's Cabin" – Eliza says goodbye to Uncle Tom as she leaves to escape slavery.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncle_Tom%27s_Cabin